HTML5 is the latest standard for browsers to display and interact with web pages. Approved in 2014, it's the first update to HTML in 14 years. In this day and age, that's a lifetime between updates.
The purpose of HTML5 is primarily to make it easier for web developers and browser creators to follow consensus-based standards that make compliance more efficient and empowering. It's also designed to provide better, faster, more consistent user experiences for desktop and mobile visitors.
Here are a few key improvements in HTML5:
- There's a simpler, more straightforward element structure to pages, which makes them easier to build, adjust, and debug—and to build automated services that help you find important resources on the web.
- It provides standard elements for commonplace media objects which previously required annoying plugins for audio, video, etc. These plugins needed to be regularly updated, i.e. repeated downloads to manage security.
- There's native integration with interfaces to leverage modern web and mobile needs.